Is Jatropha the answer?

Use as biodiesel
Jatropha plantation in the dry center/west of the Paraguay Chaco

When jatropha seeds are crushed, the resulting jatropha oil can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel that can be used in a standard diesel car, while the residue (press cake) can also be processed and used as biomass feedstock to power electricity plants or used as fertilizer (it contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium).
“From planting to harvest. Treat the jatropha plant as well as possible to make the harvest as large as possible!” (A reference to the compulsory planting of jatropha in Indonesia for the production of oil as machinery lubricant and fuel for the Japanese WWII war effort.)

The plant may yield more than four times as much fuel per hectare as soybean, and more than ten times that of maize (corn). A hectare of jatropha has been claimed to produce 1,892 litres of fuel.However, as it has not yet been domesticated or improved by plant breeders, yields are variable

Researchers at Daimler Chrysler Research explored the use of jatropha oil for automotive use, concluding that although jatropha oil as fuel “has not yet reached optimal quality, … it already fulfills the EU norm for biodiesel quality”. Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropScience and Daimler AG have a joint project to develop jatropha as a biofuel Three Mercedes cars powered by Jatropha diesel have already put some 30,000 kilometres behind them. The project is supported by DaimlerChrysler and by the German Association for Investment and Development (Deutschen Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft, DEG).

In 2007 Goldman Sachs cited Jatropha curcas as one of the best candidates for future biodiesel production.However, despite its abundance and use as an oil and reclamation plant, none of the Jatropha species has been properly domesticated and, as a result, its productivity is variable, and the long-term impact of its large-scale use on soil quality and the environment is unknown.
Myanmar biodiesel

Myanmar is also actively pursuing the use of jatropha oil. On 15 December 2005, then-head of state, Senior General Than Shwe, said “the States and Divisions concerned are to put 50,000 acres (200 km²) under the physic nut plants [Jatropha] each within three years totalling 700,000 acres (2,800 km²) during the period”. On the occasion of Myanmar’s Peasant Day 2006, Than Shwe described in his a message that “For energy sector which is an essential role in transforming industrial agriculture system, the Government is encouraging for cultivation of physic nut plants nationwide and the technical know how that can refine physic nuts to biodiesel has also identified.” He would like to urge peasants to cultivate physic nut plants on a commercial scale with major aims for emergence of industrial agriculture system, for fulfilling rural electricity supply and energy needs, for supporting rural areas development and import substitute economy. (2005 from MRTV)

In 2006, the chief research officer at state-run Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise said Myanmar hoped to completely replace the country’s oil imports of 40,000 barrels a day with home-brewed, jatropha-derived biofuel. Other government officials declared Myanmar would soon start exporting jatropha oil. Despite the military’s efforts, the jatropha campaign apparently has largely flopped in its goal of making Myanmar self-sufficient in fuel. (2006 from MyawaddyTV)

Z.G.S. Bioenergy has started Jatropha Plantation Projects in Northern Shan State, the company has begun planting Jatropha plants during late June 2007 and will start selling the seeds in large quantities by early 2010. The manager of the project site said that Z.G.S. will sell Jatropha seeds to both local and foreign markets; the company will also further research on Jatropha plants for higher quality seeds and better yields. (20 July 2007 from New Light of Myanmar)

Use as jet fuel

Aviation fuels may be more widely substituted with biofuels such as jatropha oil than fuels for other forms of transportation. There are fewer planes than cars or trucks and far fewer jet fueling stations to convert than gas stations. On December 30, 2008, Air New Zealand flew the first successful test flight with a Boeing 747 running one of its four Rolls-Royce engines on a 50:50 blend of jatropha oil and jet A-1 fuel.Subsequently, Air New Zealand and Houston based Continental Airlines have run tests in Jan. 2009, further demonstrating the viability of jatropha oil as a jet fuel. Japan Air also plans test flights in Jan. 2009 as well.
Water problem

Jatropha oil is lauded as being sustainable, and that its production would not compete with food production, but the jatropha plant needs water like every other crop to grow. This fact could create competition for water between the jatropha and other edible food crops. In fact, jatropha requires five times as much water per unit of energy as sugarcane and corn.

Nevertheless, jatropha grows in tropical climates with plentiful yearly rainfall (1000-1500mm). It would only require irrigation in the first year of its 35 year life.

Cost (calculated by DF)

PRODUCTION COST FOR THREE MONTHS

PLANT POT Rs.300=Rs.3/plant
POTTING SOIL Rs.1500
FERTILLIZERS+UREA Rs.550
LABOR COST Rs.2100
CARRIAGE CHARGES Rs.1000
MISCELLANEOUS Rs.550
TOTAL Rs.6000
TOTAL COST PER PLANT Rs.60/plant

Our Aim

GREEN DEVELOPMENT

FUELLING THE FUTURE OF THE NEXT GENERATION
At present, Pakistan appears to be on the verge of a major food and fuel crisis.Bio-diesel is an environment friendly fuel, with far less emissions than mineral diesel fuel, and is the perfect solution for the food and fuel crisis in Pakistan.

With a Vision to Cultivate 100 million acres of barren land within Pakistan to produce up to 1 Million metric tons of Oil, to supply Bio Diesel Refineries domestically and World – wide we aim to begin our business by putting 1 acre of Land under jatropha plantation.
Since time immemorial individuals and organizations have strived for change but to no avail. However, Green Development is one organization which will defy all odds and stand undeterred in the face of all adversity to achieve its goals and objectives, mainly, a better and cleaner Pakistan. Through the production of biodiesel, the aim to increase awareness about the environment, and the social and environmental development of Pakistan’s infrastructure; Green Development intends to provide towards the betterment of Pakistan and eventually the entire world. The benefits of Green Development are many and wide-ranging, from the provision of aesthetically pleasing plants and campaigns to increase awareness among communities about the consequences of current modern lifestyles to a cheaper, more efficient, environmentally friendly fuel. Green Development not only aims to bring drastic change to the destructive manner in which natural resources are being depleted but plans to work with children, elders and communities in order to educate people of the repercussions of their actions. Green Development’s campaigns will also include community cleanup programs for regions that are in dire need of such programs. Green Development last but not least envisions the improvement of local communities and positive social change within the regions where Green Development establishments are created and labor is hired. Green Development will, can and must be the catalyst which forms a rigid, solid and stable infrastructure for Pakistan, hence, providing a foundation for future generations to prosper and build upon. After all nobody should allow the future to suffer the misdeeds and irresponsibility of the present. So everyone support and believe in Green Development because it won’t let you down!

Hellow world!!

GREEN DEVELOPMENT FUELING THE FUTURE OF THE NEXT GENERATION

At present, Pakistan appears to be on the verge of a major food and fuel crisis .Bio-diesel is an environment friendly fuel, with far less emissions than mineral diesel fuel, and is the perfect solution for the food and fuel crisis in Pakistan.

With a Vision to Cultivate 100 million acres of barren land within Pakistan to produce up to 1 Million metric tons of Oil, to supply Bio Diesel Refineries domestically and World � wide we aim to begin our business by putting 1 acre of Land under jatropha plantation.

Pakistan State Oil has already taken a step in the right direction by planting Jatropha plants in Sindh. They even converted the oil obtained to bio-diesel to run one of their showcase vehicles and other plants.

Jatropha plants can be grown in wastelands and consume very less water. Plus, the cultivation of these plants, which includes seed collection, oil extraction and the actual bio diesel production, will provide a large number of employment opportunities. In addition the by-products of bio-diesel production, such as glycerin and seed cake, can be used in soap, pharmaceutical and fertilizer industries.

Bio-diesel production from non-edible plants would benefit Pakistan in several ways, such as the utilization of marginal land, work for farmers, reduced pollution and a Greener Pakistan. Infact bio-diesel production would give a boost to the economy, as it can drastically cut down our fuel imports.

Like any other plant jatropha does well under best conditions of soil, water and spacing. Ideally a pH range of 6 to 6.8 suits the plant well, as well as adequate irrigation and fertilization. Jatropha however will survive in harsh conditions but yield will obviously be lower in this case.

COST OF PRODUCTION

LABOR COST = around US $ 550 per acre, a year

COST OF MAINTENANCE = around US $ 80-100 per year per acre

COST OF OIL EXTRACTION = about US $ 0, 12 / kg

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